June 27—Low income, uninsured adults who may be eligible for Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act may be healthier than those adults already enrolled in Medicaid, suggests a study appearing in the June 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

According to the study, uninsured adults were less likely to have chronic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia; less likely to be obese and sedentary; less likely to report a physical, mental, or emotional limitation; and less likely to have multiple health conditions.

The study also showed that if uninsured adults did have hypertension, diabetes, and/or hypercholesterolemia, the conditions were more likely to be undiagnosed or uncontrolled. 

Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted the study using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010 to analyze health conditions among a nationally representative sample of 1,042 uninsured adults with incomes no higher than 138 percent of the federal poverty level. Results were compared with 471 low-income adults currently enrolled in Medicaid. 

Publication Date: Thursday, June 27, 2013